What is a Intragastric Balloon?

Intragastric balloon; It consists of a soft, expandable balloon, an insertion tube and a filling system. The gastric balloon is too large to pass through the gut, which makes you feel full longer with less food in your stomach. Overall, gastric balloon therapy significantly reduces your portion size and helps you achieve your long-term weight loss goals.

HOW IS A INTRAGASTRIC BALLOON APPLIED?

It is applied by  endoscopy method. The process time is approximately 20 minutes.

First of all, using an endoscopic camera, your stomach is checked for any discomfort such as ulcers that interfere with the procedure. If no abnormality is observed, the balloon made of a soft, flexible silicone elastomer material is placed in the stomach. When the balloon enters your stomach, it is filled with blue fluid through a small filling tube (catheter) attached to the balloon and the process is complete. The balloon begins to float freely in the stomach.

It is applied under sedation for a comfortable procedure and the patient is awakened immediately after the procedure.

WHO CAN THE STOMACH BALLOON BE APPLIED?

ntragastric balloon is a method that helps diet. It can be applied to overweight people whose body mass index is over 25 kg / m2, who have previously tried diet and exercise but could not lose their target weight, lost their dietary motivation or did not prefer surgical interventions. The successful use of the balloon to reduce weight before surgery also helps to reduce the risks associated with surgical procedures in overweight patients.

HOW MANY MONTHS DOES THE INTRAGASTRIC BALLOON STAY AT THE STOMACH ?

The gastric balloon is divided into two, which are preferred according to the amount of weight to be given, and can stay for 6 and 12 months in the stomach. 6 and 12 month balloons are different from each other.

While 12-month balloons can be inflated in 3-month periods to prevent the stomach from adapting to the balloon; 6-month-old balloons are not suitable for inflation.

Staying longer than the required time increases the risk of the balloon bursting. Timely removal of the expired balloon is recommended. For patients who cannot lose enough weight, repeating the balloon procedure may be considered.

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF THE INTRAGASTRIC BALLOON?

The biggest advantage of the gastric balloon is that it is minimally invasive, does not involve surgery and can be performed as an outpatient procedure.

Long-term weight loss is achieved by adapting the healthy eating pattern to their lives. It improves long-term weight loss, obesity-related health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, and increases self-esteem and self-confidence.

WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF THE INTRAGASTRIC BALLOON?

Gastric balloons are used safely in people for obesity and excess weight worldwide. Complications are very rare and can be easily treated. The complications that may occur are not life-threatening. Nausea, vomiting and cramping may occur in the first 2-3 days after the balloon is inserted. Drugs are prescribed during discharge to prevent them. Such discomfort disappears after 2-3 days.

The risk of bursting the stomach balloon caught in the mind is not what it was thought. In other words, the balloon does not burst, but the liquid inside may leak. Leaking or deflating from the balloon can be easily detected by the color of the urine as the gastric balloon is inflated with methylene blue. If something like this is detected, you should contact your doctor immediately for balloon removal or endoscopic control.

NUTRITION AFTER THE INTRAGASTRIC BALLOON

Since the stomach will try to digest the balloon after the gastric balloon is inserted, cramping, nausea and vomiting may start 1-2 hours after the insertion, in connection with the person’s pain threshold. These are very normal and expected symptoms. In this process, a liquid diet containing lactose-free milk / buttermilk, broth / chicken broth, and as much fruit juice as permitted is applied until the nausea disappears for the first 3-4 days. Afterwards, a puree diet containing blenderized foods and soft foods is applied between the 4th and 10th days. Diets are explained in detail by the dietician when they are discharged.

After the 10th day, the stomach is now used to the balloon and normal, solid nutrition is started; However, a regular diet is indispensable for gastric balloon application. As the portions will shrink during this period, you will automatically adopt a less frequent, frequent eating pattern into your life.

During this period, a diet with a well-balanced protein, carbohydrate and fat content is important for the rapid and healthy weight loss process. Not skipping snacks during the day is important for portion control in the main meals and for blood sugar regulation. Applying to the diet program that our dietician will prepare for you and learning about healthy nutrition and making it a habit allows you to lose weight with gastric balloon. It also helps to stay away from weight problems for life.

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